以色列—哈马斯战争人质危机

以色列—哈马斯战争人质危机是指以哈战争期间被哈马斯绑架的以色列人质引发的一系列问题。2023年哈玛斯袭击以色列后,哈马斯和其他巴勒斯坦武装组织绑架了251名以色列人质,并且把他们带到了加沙地带[1][2][3][4][5][6]

哈马斯表示愿意释放所有人质,前提是以色列要释放所有巴勒斯坦囚犯。 [7]截至 2023年10月,以色列方面共关押了 5,200 名巴勒斯坦人。 [8] 包括卡塔尔在内的数个国家参与了以色列与哈马斯之间的谈判。 [9]

2023年11月22日,以色列同意释放150名巴勒斯坦囚犯并停火四天,哈马斯方面则同意释放约50名人质。[10][11][12]截至2023年11月30日,已有105名人质获释,其中包括81名以色列人、23名泰国人和1名菲律宾人[13] 2024年2月12日,两名阿根廷裔以色列平民被以色列国防军营救。截至2024年6月,根据以色列方面的信息,哈马斯方面依然扣押了77名人质和43具尸体。 [14]

截至2024年2月14日,已有116名人质活着活到以色列,在以色列释放哈马斯战俘后,哈马斯方面释放了105名人质,另外哈马斯单方面释放了4名人质,以色列国防军救出了7名人质。 [15][16][17][18][19][20] 19名人质尸体被送回以色列,其中3名人质在以色列国防军误杀人质事件中身亡[21] ,以色列方面表示,2023年10月7日当天,有62名人质被哈马斯杀害。 [22][23][24][25][26]截至2024年6月8日,仍有120名人质被关押在加沙地带,其中116人是于2023年10月7日被绑架的。 [23][27][28]

参考文献

编辑
  1. ^ Israel-Gaza war: What we know about the captives taken by Hamas. Al-Jazeera. 7 October 2023 [3 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于15 December 2023). 
  2. ^ Images of the Mass Kidnapping of Israelis by Hamas. The Atlantic. 9 October 2023 [10 October 2023]. (原始内容存档于10 October 2023) (英语). 
  3. ^ Fabian, Emanuel; Staff, ToI; Agencies. Israel confirms civilians and soldiers abducted by Hamas into Gaza. The Times of Israel. 7 October 2023 [10 October 2023]. (原始内容存档于9 October 2023) (美国英语). 
  4. ^ Vinograd, Cassandra; Kershner, Isabel. Hamas Took Scores of Hostages From Israel. Here's What We Know About Them.. The New York Times. 9 October 2023 [9 October 2023]. (原始内容存档于9 October 2023). 
  5. ^ Jones, Sam; Fidler, Matt. Who are the hostages taken by Hamas from southern Israel?. The Guardian. 18 October 2023 [18 October 2023]. (原始内容存档于18 October 2023). 
  6. ^ Sherwood, Harriet. Hamas says 250 people held hostage in Gaza. The Guardian. 17 October 2023 [19 October 2023]. ISSN 0261-3077. (原始内容存档于16 October 2023) (英国英语). 
  7. ^ Halabi, Einav; Eichner, Itamar; Turgeman, Meir. Hamas chief: all Israeli hostages for all Palestinian prisoners. Ynetnews. 28 October 2023 [10 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于29 October 2023) (英语). 
  8. ^ Why are so many Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails?. Al Jazeera English. 8 October 2023 [9 October 2023]. (原始内容存档于8 October 2023). 
  9. ^ Burke, Jason. Two Israeli hostages released as efforts intensify to free people held by Hamas. The Guardian. 23 October 2023 [23 October 2023]. (原始内容存档于23 October 2023). 
  10. ^ Jobain, Najib; Federman, Josef; Jeffery, Jack. Hamas and Israel carry out first swap of hostages and prisoners as Gaza cease-fire begins. Associated Press. 24 November 2023. (原始内容存档于24 November 2023). 
  11. ^ Jack, Jeffery; Federman, Josef. Israeli Cabinet approves cease-fire with Hamas that includes release of some 50 hostages. Associated Press. 21 November 2023. (原始内容存档于22 November 2023). 
  12. ^ Secrecy and public anger: how the Israel/Hamas ceasefire deal came about. The Guardian. 23 November 2023 [23 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于23 November 2023) (英语). 
  13. ^ 8 Israeli hostages freed from Gaza at end of seventh day of truce. The Times of Israel. 30 November 2023 [30 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于30 November 2023). 
  14. ^ Peleg, Bar. Israeli army says two Thai hostages were killed on Oct. 7, their bodies held in Gaza by Hamas. Haaretz. 2024-05-16 [2024-05-16] (英语). 
  15. ^ Burke, Jason. Hamas releases 25 hostages on first day of Gaza ceasefire. The Guardian (Jerusalem). 24 November 2023 [24 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于24 November 2023) (英语). 
  16. ^ John, Tara; Izso, Lauren; Michaelis, Tamar; Tanno, Sophie. Who are the hostages released on Friday?. CNN. 25 November 2023 [25 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于25 November 2023). 
  17. ^ Shurafa, Wafaa; Magdy, Samy. Hamas releases third group of hostages as part of truce and says it will seek to extend the deal. Associated Press. 26 November 2023 [26 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于26 November 2023). 
  18. ^ 9 children, including 3-year-old twins, and 2 mothers released from Hamas captivity. The Times of Israel. 27 November 2023 [27 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于27 November 2023). 
  19. ^ Ben-David, Ricky; Bachner, Michael. 10 Israeli and 2 Thai hostages arrive back in Israel after 53 days in Gaza captivity. The Times of Israel. 29 November 2023 [29 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于29 November 2023). 
  20. ^ 8 Israeli hostages freed from Gaza at end of seventh day of truce. The Times of Israel. 30 November 2023 [30 November 2023]. (原始内容存档于30 November 2023). 
  21. ^ Israel-Hamas war live updates: IDF says it mistakenly killed 3 Israeli hostages during fighting. NBC News. 15 December 2023 [15 December 2023]. (原始内容存档于18 December 2023) (英语). 
  22. ^ IDF: Officer Daniel Perez was killed in fighting on Oct. 7, body held by Hamas in Gaza | The Times of Israel. The Times of Israel. [18 March 2024]. (原始内容存档于18 March 2024). 
  23. ^ 23.0 23.1 ישראל במלחמה – רשימת שמות החטופים לעזה. [15 December 2023]. (原始内容存档于14 December 2023). 
  24. ^ Six Israeli Hostages Held by Hamas Confirmed Killed in Captivity. Haaretz. [15 December 2023]. (原始内容存档于3 December 2023) (英语). 
  25. ^ Robbins, Elizabeth. Six More Israeli Hostages Died in Hamas Captivity, Israel Says. FDD. 3 December 2023 [15 December 2023]. (原始内容存档于15 December 2023) (英语). 
  26. ^ Israel-Hamas war: Gaza hostage Inbar Haiman killed in captivity – family. The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. 16 December 2023 [16 December 2023]. (原始内容存档于16 December 2023) (美国英语). 
  27. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/idf-releases-hamas-propaganda-video-recovered-from-gaza-of-former-child-hostage/
  28. ^ Bergman, Ronen; Kingsley, Patrick. More Than a Fifth of Hostages in Gaza Are Dead, Israel Says. The New York Times. 6 February 2024 [14 February 2024]. (原始内容存档于14 February 2024) (英语).